http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Pakistan, 2015. Although deliberately introduced to several countries where it has naturalized, its further spread within those countries has been by natural means, along roadsides and water courses (Harrington and Lanini, 2000). Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Common Names Phalaris. 'Grasslands Maru'. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2015. Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: alpiste bulbeux French ? These authors report that the base of the stem of P. aquatica produces a reddish sap when cut, unlike the other species. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 25(4):511-522. Phalaris aquatica. Phalaris aquatica, arundinacea, and canariensis are species of waist-high, blue-green, perennial grasses which contain DMT. Preferred Names. Crop & Pasture Science. Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: alpiste bulbeux French ? Phalaris aquatica L. Synonyms. The naturalisation of plants in urban Auckland, New Zealand. U.S. Dept. Phalaris aquatica (bulbous canary grass); flowerhead. The licence does not apply to ‘branding’ or some ‘images or photographs’ that may be owned by third parties. Phalaris aquatica cv. P. tuberosa) known by the common names bulbous canary-grass and Harding grass, is a species of grass in the genus Phalaris of the Poaceae Family. Phalaris amethystina Trin. Areas where the native vegetation is healthy and vigorous ought to repel invasions by P. aquatica (Peterson, 2001). ... or name for species profiles. & Trab.) Online Database. Hierarchical position of the Genus Phalaris. Search: SPECIES: Phalaris aquatica | Occurrence ... Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name (processed ... resource. V: Grasses. Hollister, California, USA: US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Hollister Field Office. http://www.invasive.org/gist/esadocs/documnts/phalaqu.pdf. Phalaris aquatica L. Synonyms - Phalaris stenoptera, Phalaris nodosa, Phalaris tuberosa L. Family: Poaceae. The glume wing margins of P. minor usually have tiny teeth whereas the margins are entire in the other two species. NVS code Help. In Australia it is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, New South Wales and South Australia, and as a priority environmental weed in three Natural Resource Management regions. In Australia it will persist where the average annual rainfall is 500 mm or more, with most falling in autumn to late spring (Watson et al., 2000). Adams TE; Kay B, 1985. Leaves with sheath smooth, rounded on the back; ligule membranous, to 12 mm long; blade flat, 2–14 mm wide, prominently striate. Watson et al. Phalaris tuberosa var. There are more than 1.6 million ha of pasture containing phalaris in New South Wales; Watson et al. Phalaris tuberosa L. Phalaris stenoptera Hack. Plants are very deep-rooted, which helps them survive through droughts. What grass is that? Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. However, in Australia, Watson et al. Journal of Toxins, 1(1):7. Synonyms: Phalaris commutata, Phalaris stenoptera, Phalaris tuberosa Common names: harding grass; bulbous canarygrass; phalaris; toowoomba grass Phalaris aquatica (hardinggrass) is a perennial grass (family Poaceae) found throughout California. 60 (1), 1-15. http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/40/paper/CP08170.htm DOI:10.1071/CP08170, USDA-ARS, 2015. This use has been most marked in Australia and California but it has also been introduced to South American countries and to South Africa. Sorting Phalaris names. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. ID - 62329. Structural class. Phalaris aquatica - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. 102-110. Phalaris aquatica L. Details; Images (1) Synonyms (106) References (35) Homonyms (1) Subordinate Taxa; ... Phalaris L. Projects: ... PAPGI, Peru, VPA Common Names: bulb canary grass (English) No References available bulbous canary grass (English, United States) Brako, L., A.Y. aquatica Phalaris aquatica var. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Poaceae. Common name; English: ... Media in category "Phalaris aquatica" The following 42 files are in this category, out of 42 total. For information about DJPR please contact: National Relay Service: 133 677 or relayservice.gov.au, Email: email@example.com. In Australia the species has a reputation for its excellent persistence and drought tolerance – far better than that of other temperate pasture species like cocksfoot, fescue or perennial ryegrass (Watson et al., 2000). Common Name bulbous canarygrass. Phalaris aquatica L. Details; Images (1) Synonyms (106) References (35) Homonyms (1) Subordinate Taxa; ... Phalaris L. Projects: ... PAPGI, Peru, VPA Common Names: bulb canary grass (English) No References available bulbous canary grass (English, United States) Brako, L., A.Y. P. aquatica grows best in high fertility conditions, but can tolerate low fertility soils (Lambrechtsen, 1975). Although alkaloid toxins have been implicated in both, their identification and mechanism of action are still not fully understood. Authority. > 10°C, Cold average temp. UPOV Principal Botanical Name: Phalaris aquatica L. UPOV Code: PHALR_AQU: Other Botanical Names: Phalaris stenoptera Hack. In: Proceedings 28th Annual Meeting Southern Weed Science Society. It contains approximately 0.100% DMT, 0.022% 5-MeO-DMT, and 0.005% bufotenin. If the plant community is relatively competitive with P. aquatica, then it should not pose a great threat and can probably be adequately controlled. Phalaris angusta Nees ex Trin. They add that cultivation may, however, be used to remove a flush of seedlings and this would also reduce the size of the seedbank. Search: SPECIES: Phalaris aquatica | Occurrence ... Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name (processed ... resource. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Phalaris aquatica L. Flora category. In these countries it has been sown as a pasture species or for revegetation after burning, and has naturalized and spread widely. Phalaris aquatica was long known as P. tuberosa; both names were given by Linnaeus but P. aquatica has precedence. Edgar E, Connor H E, 2010. Location - Language - Common name: Language - Common name - Location: Common name/Language/Location. In Australia harvester ants are well known distributors (and consumers) of the seeds of phalaris and other grasses (Watson et al., 2000). These toxicoses present as either ‘phalaris staggers’ or ‘phalaris sudden death’. According to DiTomaso and Healy (2003), seeds can be dispersed for short distances by animals and for greater distances by water. Phalaris aquatica (bulbous canary grass); habit, with a large plant growing on a roadside. The species may be spread along roadsides by mowers throwing the seed, and may also then spread into nearby fields. In Britain, to which P. aquatica was also introduced, it occurs in woodland glades, the borders of fields, along roadsides and in waste places (Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, 2015). Australia's virtual herbarium, Australia. Agfact P2.5.1. Phalaris aquatica, known by the common names bulbous canary-grass and Harding grass, is a species of grass in the genus Phalaris of the family Poaceae. and F.J. Richardson, xvi + 304 pp. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references. It is most common in coastal valley and foothill grasslands from Oregon to the Mexican border. The species tolerates some shade, hence its occurrence in open woodlands (Peterson, 2001; Weeds of Australia, 2015), but prefers open ground (Harrington and Lanini, 2000). Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri; Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Element stewardship abstract for Phalaris aquatica (P. tuberosa) Harding grass. http://www.theplantlist.org, USDA-ARS, 2015. GENERAL INFORMATION # Phalaris aquatica: common name details from PIER. Hitchc. The Plant List, 2013. Phalaris aquatica (bulbous canary grass); flowerhead, with emergent anthers. Phalaris amethystina. Botanical Family Poaceae. London: Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, 176 pp. The introduction and spread of alien plants. xlii + 23 + 650 pp. It outcompetes and displaces native plant species. Flora of China. Phalaris pastures:32 pp. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. http://avh.ala.org.au. According to Watson et al. This Primefact includes: Richardson FJ; Richardson RG; Shepherd RCH, 2006. Barry S, 2007. Meredith, Victoria, Australia: R.G. Although plants of P. aquatica can spread outwards by means of their short rhizomes, the main way in which plants spread is by production of copious seeds. Mga kasarigan. P. aquatica reduces native plant diversity in areas it invades. V: Gramineae. This summer dormancy can be influenced by cultivar, management and climate (Watson et al., 2000). A. Hitchc. Geographic subdivisions for Phalaris aquatica: NW, CaR, n&s SNH, ScV, SnFrB, SCoRO, SCo, WTR, PR, DMoj : MAP CONTROLS 1. Phalaris aquatica : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Phalaris aquatica ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . ... or name for species profiles. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. In south-east Australia, Muyt (2001) reports that P. aquatica regularly spreads out from sown pastures, road verges and drainage ditches to invade indigenous vegetation. Psychedelic. Common name. Some pre-emergent herbicides no longer approved for use in the EU gave good control in the past (Berry and Buchanan, 1974, quoted in Peterson, 2001). P. aquatica grows weakly as a seedling but is an aggressive competitor once it is established (Peterson, 2001). Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. An illustrated guide to common grasses, sedges and rushes of New Zealand. Phalaris aquatica L. APNI*. The poisonous plants in New Zealand. Common names: Bulbous canary-grass, Harding grass: Constituents; ... central nervous system damage and death in sheep. It is also found as a casual on rubbish tips and waste ground. P. aquatica is widespread in California as a result of its use as a forage species and for revegetation after fires. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Phalaris tuberosa L. Phalaris tuberosa L. var. Identification. stenoptera (Hack.) Common name: Phalaris. Authority. Phalaris aquatica L. In: Invasive plants of California's wildlands [ed. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Phalaris aquatica Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso. The history of Harding grass in California. Harding grass (Phalaris aquatica). Reference taxon from WCSP in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Aquatic and riparian weeds of the West [ed. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). (2000) quoted district agronomists in 1990, indicating that the potential area of phalaris-based pastures in New South Wales was 3 million ha. Phalaris aquatica (bulbous canary grass); habit, with a large flowering plant growing on a roadside. Phalaris is not very productive in districts with less than 500 mm except in very favourable situations. Individual specimen entries are published in the sample database supplied with The Compleat Botanica for species or varieties of this supra-generic taxon. Phalaris tuberosa var. Phalaris aquatica (bulbous canary grass); habit, with a large plant growing around a power pole. P. aquatica is well adapted to mild, moist winters and hot, dry summers like those of its native Mediterranean and so is well suited to similar climates like those of south-west North America and southern Australia. The species can survive low winter temperatures and severe frosts as well as high summer temperatures. http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/media/Html/phalaris_aquatica.htm. Maire & Weiller An Phalaris aquatica in uska species han Liliopsida nga ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné.An Phalaris aquatica in nahilalakip ha genus nga Phalaris, ngan familia nga Poaceae. Peterson (2001) points out that frequent removal of herbage during the active growth period of the grass reduces total biomass and increases mortality. P. arundinacea is a perennial, like P. aquatica, but has more distinct rhizomes and the inflorescence is compact at first but later becomes more open as the branches spread. It is also found in the Sacramento and San Joaquin valleys below 1200 m. It often dominates the vegetation along infrequently cut roadsides and is also often found beside ditches and streams. P. tuberosa, known by the common names Bulbous canarygrass and Harding grass, is a species of grass in the genus Phalaris of the Poaceae Family. Geographic subdivisions for Phalaris aquatica: NW, CaR, n&s SNH, ScV, SnFrB, SCoRO, SCo, WTR, PR, DMoj : MAP CONTROLS 1. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Phalaris aquatica L. DiTomaso JM; Healy EA, 2003. COMMON NAMES. Family. Phalaris angusta Nees ex Trin. Grasses. Agr., Agr. Phalaris aquatica. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Facebook0Tweet0Pin0 clausonis Maire & Trab. ; Phalaris aquatica L.; Phalaris arundinacea L. - Rietgras; Phalaris brachystachys Link; Phalaris californica Hook. UPOV Principal Botanical Name: Phalaris aquatica L. UPOV Code: PHALR_AQU: Other Botanical Names: Phalaris stenoptera Hack. stenoptera (Hack.) ID - 62329. bulbosa Paunero Phalaris bulbosa Ten. Oakland, California, USA: University of California Press, 262-265. http://www.cal-ipc.org/ip/management/ipcw/pages/detailreport.cfm@usernumber=67&surveynumber=182.php, Lambrechtsen NC, 1975. You are free to re-use the work under that licence, on the condition that you credit the State of Victoria (Agriculture Victoria) as author, indicate if changes were made and comply with the other licence terms. Tolerance of phalaris and tall fescue to postemergence herbicide treatments. It is important for phalaris that most of this rain falls in autumn to late spring to coincide with its main growth period.”. Scientific plant list. & Schult. In California flowering occurs between May and June, with viable seed formed between May and September. Leaf sheaths are rounded on the back, firm, hairless, light brown or brownish-green. Watson et al. The causes and effects of such poisoning have been reviewed by Alden et al. General information about Phalaris aquatica (PHATU) Mediterranean (except southeast), Mediterranean islands, Canary Islands, Caucasus. by Bossard, C. C. \Randall, J. M. \Hoshovsky, M. C.]. U.S. Dept. Phalaris aquatica L. Interpretation Phalaris aquatica L. Symbol PHAQ. Close mowing late in the season can reduce plant vigour and remove excess biomass to make chemical control more effective; regrowth should not be allowed before treatment (DiTomaso et al., 2013). An Phalaris aquatica in uska species han Liliopsida nga ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné.An Phalaris aquatica in nahilalakip ha genus nga Phalaris, ngan familia nga Poaceae. Clipping the grass later in the spring retards growth better than clipping at the beginning of flowering. Established phalaris pastures are usually more resistant to insect attack. 3.]. (2000), describing the requirements of P. aquatica as a cultivated pasture grass in Australia, note that it “is adapted to a wide range of soils from shallow, moderately acidic, sedimentary soils to deep, self-mulching alkaline clays. Burkart Phalaris arundinacea subsp. Version: 2nd April 2015. http://delta-intkey.com/grass/www/phalaris.htm, Watson RW; McDonald WJ; Bourke CA, 2000. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Phalaris aquatica . Environmental weed in NSW and Victoria. Davis, California, USA: UC Davis Department of Agronomy and Range Science. Phalaris nodosa Murray Phalaris stenoptera Hack. According to the Bureau of Land Management of the US Department of the Interior (BLM, 2012), frequent clipping of P. aquatica during the active growth phase can be effective at preventing spread and reducing tillering. Champion P; James T; Popay I; Ford K, 2012. Common name: Phalaris. & Trab. & F.J. Richardson, 438 pp. Remote Sensing). One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Seed production varies with plant density, soil type and weather conditions, and can be as much as 40,000 seeds m-2 (Harrington and Lanini, 2000). Phalaris aquatica, syn. In Australia, where P. aquatica is commonly grown as a pasture species, it grows better if associated with a leguminous plant such as Trifolium subterraneum, Trifolium repens or Medicago sativa (Watson et al., 2000). Scientific plant list. DiTomaso JM; Kyser GB; Oneto SR; Wilson RG; Orloff SB; Anderson LW; Wright SD; Roncoroni JA; Miller TL; Prather TS; Ransom C; Beck KG; Duncan C; Wilson KA; Mann JJ, 2013. Contents. major Willk., 1893 Phalaris aquatica var. Vol. Phalaris aquatica Hardinggrass This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and … Phalaris aquatica L. Flora category. Interpretation Phalaris aquatica. Phalaris aquatica (bulbous canary-grass). http://floraseries.landcareresearch.co.nz/pages/Book.aspx?fileName=Flora%205.xml. Since P. aquatica is a valuable pasture species, any attempts at biological control are not likely to be welcomed by farmers. Invasive Plants - Common Name - P. ... Phalaris: Pink pampas grass Plantago Plumeless thistle Polanisia Pom pom weed Ponderosa pine Pond apple (Nox) Portugal laurel Poverty weed (Nox) Prairie ground cherry (Nox) Praxelis Pregnant onion Prickly acacia (Nox) Prickly pears (Nox) It is slow to develop from seed, but can form large bunches after several years. Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015, Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, 2015, Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015), Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (2014), Hunting, angling, sport or racing (pathway cause), Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora (2015), http://cesantaclara.ucanr.edu/news_719/Keeping_Landscapes_Working/?newsitem=25462, http://www.blm.gov/ca/st/en/fo/hollister/noxious_weeds/nox_weeds_list/hardinggrass.html, http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_phaq.pdf, http://floraseries.landcareresearch.co.nz/pages/Book.aspx?fileName=Flora%205.xml, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.cal-ipc.org/ip/management/ipcw/pages/detailreport.cfm@usernumber=67&surveynumber=182.php, http://www.brc.ac.uk/plantatlas/index.php?q=node/1792, http://www.invasive.org/gist/esadocs/documnts/phalaqu.pdf, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://delta-intkey.com/grass/www/phalaris.htm, http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/165049/p251.pdf, http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Phalaris_aquatica.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.