Peat (/ p iː t /), sometimes known as turf (/ t ɜːr f /), is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter.It is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs. Coal reserves are six times greater than oil and petroleum reserves. Peat is usually cut by hand in blocks, which are then spread out to dry. Importance of each type. In dry peat, the organic matter content can reach 50%. Carbon content in different types of coal. Found in sedimentary strata . Peat: The Most Efficient Carbon Sink In The World. a highly organic material found in marshy or damp regions, composed of partially decayed vegetable matter: it is cut and dried for use as fuel. Peat is made up of primarily wetland vegetation. Formation. Coal Also called black gold. Peat properties reflect the peat-forming environment, development process and the types of peat-forming plants. Under natural conditions, the content of water in peat exceeds 80% and content of gases content is about 6%. Peatland ecosystems are the most efficient carbon sinks in the world, which means the area stores carbon and carbon-containing substances for long periods of time. Mistral. 2: partially carbonized vegetable tissue formed by partial decomposition in water of various plants (such as mosses of the genus Sphagnum) peat definition: 1. a dark brown substance like soil that was formed by plants dying and becoming buried. Contains carbon, volatile matter, moisture and ash Mostly used for power generation and metallurgy. This includes bog plants such as mosses, shrubs and sedges. georgia_parker99. Geography What is peat? Most of the peat bogs that exist today formed since the retreat of the glaciers after the last ice age around 12,000 years ago. Cold, dry wind from the north found on the mediterranean coast of France. Peat bogs may be from 5 to 30 feet (1.5 to 9 meters) deep. peat. peak in Geography topic From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English peak peak 1 / piːk / W3 noun [ countable ] 1 time [ usually singular ] BEST the time when something or someone is best, greatest, highest, most successful etc at something’s peak The British … A peatland is an area with a naturally accumulated peat layer at the surface (with or without surface vegetation). Peat, or turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation.Peat forms in wetland bogs, moors, mires, and swamps.. Partially decayed plant matter found in bogs and burned for fuel in Ireland. Scientists believe that the peat in these peatlands has been forming for 360 million years. With the increasing weight of additional deposits and water, the lower deposits are compressed and carbonized. The Dismal Swamp in Virginia and the Bog of Allen in Ireland are two large peat bogs. 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